No matter how different the period and style the design of your landscape or garden is, always remember that they all make use of similar principles of basic design. For your garden to be well designed, it is important to carefully consider its space division, color and tone, light and shade, scale, texture, and unity.
Garden designers must also take into account seasonal changes as well as maturation of plants. Lastly, time is of the essence when it comes to garden design unlike other decorative and fine arts.
The first factor will be unity.
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Because of the significant role the contemporary era has brought about in the lives of many, the unity aspect has been found to be lacking in gardens of today. People are living hectic lives where there is little to no room for patching up their gardens and even their lives. The overall goal, however, for unity is to give a strength of purpose or totality to the garden design. There is more to making a garden whole than just making use of its texture and tone and color as its unifying garden elements.
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Gardens of today have more of an inward look because not all people have the luxury to live in country estates where the horizon is seen over the hill. However, this does not mean that such gardens cannot be designed in a static or progressive manner. A progressive garden design is one that leads the eyes down an axis. On the other hand, the static type of garden design, is being done on a central open space where the eye is able to focus on other aspects of the garden.
Another factor worthy of consideration is scale.
Scale is crucial when it comes to your garden design whatever it may be. You should know that even an outdoor room will have to compete with the sky’s vastness. It is important to take into account the laws of perspective as well as ample proportion of your design. Your garden or landscape space must be defined, and it should be in regard to human scale. If you have garden assets that are humongous such as enormous trees, then it is recommended that you add a buffer or transition of medium scale for it to further relate to other people.
Regarding the scale of several parts of your design, you have two options to choose from. You can choose to have all parts fit together as a whole. On the other hand, you may get to choose a part that dominates well on your entire garden. This is one means of making a focal point. You should also consider how both your eyes react. When you look down, your view is lengthened, whereas when you look uphill, your view is shortened. You may blur or enlarge your garden boundaries by placing them in shade.